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The Endocrinology Question Bank – Try these multiple choice questions in basic science endocrinology (with clinical correlates). Receive instant feedback on answer choices and improve your understanding of endocrinology. Happy studies 

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Welcome to MyEndoconsult

  • What is this?

    MyEndoConsult is a free repository of educational content in endocrinology (hormone science). Our primary audience is medical trainees interested in complementing their medical education.

  • Where is this going?

    Our goal is to promote the professional development of physicians interested in general endocrinology. Our collaborative learning model is based on the integration of pathophysiology concepts, clinical trial evidence, and clinical medicine in an easily digestible and concise manner.

  • How to find information...

    Use our search feature on mobile or desktop to discover a growing list of endocrinology articles (dynamic tests, pharmacology, physiology, infographics of landmark trials, and question bank)

Endocrine Anatomy and Pathophysiology

Apoplexy is a derivative of the Greek word “apoplessein,” which means “stroke.” Giovanni Morgagni made the first detailed anatomic descriptions of pituitary apoplexy in the 1760s. He classified apoplexy according to gross findings at autopsy. The presence of serous fluid in the sellar was defined as “apoplexia serosa” while gross hemorrhage into the sellar was aptly called “apoplexia sanguinea”

The pituitary gland is supplied by a pair of arteries – the right and left superior hypophysial arteries from above and the right and left inferior hypophysial arteries from below. Each superior hypophysial artery bifurcates into anterior and posterior branches, which permeate the pituitary stalk. The inferior hypophysial arteries arise from the intracavernous segment of each internal carotid artery. Branches of the inferior and superior hypophysial arteries anastomose freely within the pituitary gland.